Music Genres and their BPM

The style (or genre) of a piece of music is determined by a number of factors, including the types of sounds and patterns used, and also the tempo. You probably have some idea about the genre of a song when you hear it, just based on your experiences as a music listener. Here are “typical” tempo ranges for a number of common genres:

Some common genre are:

  1. Big Room – 126 to 132 BPM
    It is composed of ‘lengthy techno-influenced build-ups, a powerful and driving electro-style drop’. It is also known to include a 4/4 hard techno kick.
  2. Electro House – 118 to 135 BPM
    Electro-house is typified by its heavy bass. This is often in the form of buzzing basslines,[2] such as those created with sawtooth waves and distortion. It is also often in the form of large bass drum sounds in a four-on-the-floor pattern. The tempo of electro house is usually between 125 and 135 beats per minute. Electro house sometimes resembles a tech house, but it can contain melodic elements  and electro-influenced samples and synths.
  3. Electro (EDM) – 128 BPM
  4. Trap – 140 to 170 BPM
    Example track: Ocho Chinco by DJ Snake & Yellow claw
    It came after dubstep and is usually faster than dubstep normally about 150 BPM but on the low end they use the 808 kick drum which is the really low end type of clean boom and on top there’s always these festive Ollie type of squeaky lead since that they got from technically big room and Dutch house

    Trap music employs a use of multilayered thin or thick textured, monophonic drones with sometimes a melodic accompaniment expressed with synthesizers; crisp, grimy, and rhythmic snares, deep 808 kick drums, double-time, triple-time, and similarly divided hi hats, and a cinematic and symphonic utilization of string, brass, woodwind, and keyboard instruments to create an energetic, hard-hitting, deep, and variant atmosphere. These primary characteristics would go on to be the signature sound of trap music, originating from producer Shawty Redd. Traps may use a range of tempos, from 100 BPM to 176 BPM, but the tempo of a typical trap beat is around 140 BPM.

However, the new “trap music movement” or “EDM Trap” genre that is evolving has seen the use of techno, dub, and dutch house like sounds incorporated with the inclusion of the original Roland TR-808 drum samples and vocal samples used by the originators. A number of stylistic offshoots of trap developed, which in the latter half of 2012 gained a rise in viral popularity and made a noticeable impact on dance music.

To simply break it down, Trap music would be best described as a combination of:
1/3 hip hop (tempo and song structure are similar, most tracks are usually between 70 -110 bpm) – with vocals sometimes pitched down
1/3 Dance Music  – High pitched Dutch synth work, Hardstyle sampling, as well as a plethora of trap remixes of popular EDM songs
1/3 dub (Low frequency focus and strong emphasis on repetitiveness throughout a song)

  1. Twerk – 95 to 105 BPM
    Twerk music is a sub genre of trap music which is based loosely on a particularly spicy flavor of southern hip-hop known as ‘bounce’ music. Bounce music has been around for over two decades and is characterized by call-and-response chants, hypersexual lyrics and two specific drum loops: the “brown beat” and the “triggerman beat.” Twerk music, while not as heavily based on the “Brown” or “Triggerman” beats, still focuses on keeping a bouncy 100 Bpm groove designed to get you shaking twice as fast as the tempo. Essentially, by slowing things down a little bit, double time twerking becomes a possibility for those of us without superhuman party powers
  2. Hip-hop or rap –  60 to 99 BPM
    This genre is generally 60-100 bpm. Hip hop music, also called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans in the late 1970s which consists of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted.  It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, and graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records (or synthesized beats and sounds), and rhythmic beatboxing. While often used to refer solely to rapping, “hip hop” more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture. The term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music; the genre may also incorporate other elements of hip hop culture, including DJing, turntablism, scratching, beatboxing, and instrumental tracks.
  3. .R&B – 70 to 95 BPM
    Song that has beats of hip hop but singer doesn’t raps and sings in a normal way is R&B
  4. Techno –  120 to 140 BPM
    Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s. Techno is generally repetitive instrumental music, often produced for use in a continuous DJ set. The central rhythmic component is most often in common time (4/4), where time is marked with a bass drum on each quarter note pulse, a backbeat played by snare or clap on the second and fourth pulses of the bar, and an open hi-hat sounding every second eighth note. The tempo tends to vary between approximately 120 to 150 beats per minute (bpm), depending on the style of techno.
  5. Dubstep – 140 to 160 BPM (but take half, so 70 BPM, With halftime, 70 BPM feel)
    Example track: Born again by Kayzo
    It is about 140 BPM and it has these harsh low-end type of sins they’re almost the growling type
  6. Drum and bass – 160 to 180 BPM
  7. Trip Hop / Downtempo- 90 to 110 BPM
  8. Screamers – 130 to 150 BPM
  9. Hardstyle – 150-170 BPM
  10. Juke/Footwork – 160 BPM
  11. Drum, Bass, Neurofunk – 160 to 180
  12. Oldschool jungle – 160 to 170
  13. Grime 140 BPM
  14. Psytrance – 134 to 145 BPM
    Psychedelic trance, psytrance or psy is a subgenre of trance music characterized by arrangements of rhythms and layered melodies created by high tempo riffs. Psychedelic trance has a distinctive, energetic sound (generally between 135 and 150 BPM) that tends to be faster than other forms of trance or techno music. Psytrance lies at the hardcore, underground end of the diverse trance spectrum. The genre offers variety in terms of mood, tempo, and style. Goa trance preceded psytrance; when digital media became more commonly used psytrance evolved. Goa continues to develop alongside the other genres.

    Some of its sub genre are:

    a. Progressive psytrance or psychedelic 

Progressive psytrance is among the common party themes, normally played during the afternoon or on a different stage. Since the mid 2010s, it has grown in popularity, to the point where it is often mistakenly just called “Psytrance”. Example progressive artists include Vini Vici,Psycrain, Ritmo, Protonica, and Major7.

b. Full-On

Full-On is a psychedelic trance style that is particularly popular in Israel. This genre has high energy for peak moments, often having melodic, energetic and crisp basslines with a high bpm (usually 140 to 148 bpm). There are some related styles that are derived from this style and are distinguished as different varieties of Full-On: twilight and night full-on (or dark full-on), having bolder and lower notes in their basslines, morning (light and kind of happy), and uplifting.

c. Darkpsy

Dark psychedelic trance is the heavier end of the psychedelic trance spectrum with BPMs from about 148 and over. Related styles include psycore (fast and crazy), hi-tech (bouncy and glitchy), and forest (organic and earthy). Characterized by having an obscure, deep and more eschatological background that leads into profound meditation of death, night and transcendence, often with dismal sounds and heavy basslines.

d. Suomisaundi

Suomisaundi (English: Finnish-sound/freeform psy) is an experimental variety originating in Finland during the mid-1990s. Popular artists and groups include Luomuhappo and Texas Faggott.

  1. Moombahton – 108 to 115 BPM
  2. Reggaeton – 80 to 100 BPM
  3. Bass house
    Example track: Rock the Party by Jauz
    It is 126 BPM. There is a dubstep type of bass line and very housy beats. Build ups and breakdowns are a little bit similar to EDM but main signature is those growling bass lines in the housey flavor.
  4. Future house
    Example track: Gecko by Oliver Heldens
    The beats are housy but the bass lines aren’t as dubstep oriented. It can have more melody in it maybe with some R&B flavour too. BPM is similar to bass house.
  5. G house or Ghetto house
    Example track: G by Selecta
    G house which is something they use hip-hop vocals in the breaks and then when they drop, they dont drop in aggressive bassline but instead they drop into deep bass line usually not very much cynthy layered still like dance floor driven but quite deep but not as deep as deep house
  6. Deep house
    Example track: Cola by Camelphat & Elderbrook
    Deep house is like a rappy type of vocal but not like a G house rap type of vocal just something repetitive and then when it drops it drops not into something deep but it drops into something funky.
  7. Future bass
    Example track: Scared to be lonely by Martin Garrix feat Dua Lipa
    It’s BPM can be around 140 to 150 but can be of low BPM too. It’s a little bit more cynthy and stabby, more melodic, more vocals less of like a rough type of drop.
  8. Dutch house
    Example track: Bawah Tanah by Quintino
    If the drum programming should always be kind of like rhythmical, kind of like tropical beats the BPM is about 128 or could even be a hundred and thirty and there’s always the squeaky or raise sounds into it this dies a little bit into big room
  9. Big room
    Example track: Booyah by Showtek feat Sonny Wilson
    It is typically the EDM sound and it sounds a little something like this so this kind of flirts with the Dutch sound the drum programming can be quite tropical as well but usually there’s these big breaks with chords and epic leads and chunky sounds and so sometimes the big room sound and the EDM sound and a progressive sound get getting mixed up
  10. Progressive house
    Example track: K.I.T.T by Simon De Jano & Bottai
    In this you hear a lot of repetitive sound like it like a flowy type of build not really like heart drops and and if it drops hard it’s not like just one lead sound it’s like a more kind of like a hypnotic sound into 128 bpm room
  11. Jungle terror
    Example track: On your mark by Wiwek & Gregor Salto
    Jungle terror is basically the brother or sister or pet animal sound of the the dutch house variant so the beats can be very tribal but usually the leads in the track instead of squeaky leads could be animal sounds a lot of drum programming but still with that Dutchy feel
  12. Tech house
    Tech house is a subgenre of house music that combines stylistic features of techno with house. The term tech house developed as a shorthand record store name for a category of electronic dance music that combined musical aspects of techno, such as “rugged basslines” and “steely beats,” with the harmonies and grooves of House Music. The music originally had a clean and minimal production style that was associated with techno from Detroit and the UK.
  13. Trance
    Trance is a genre of electronic music that emerged from the British new-age music scene and the early 1990s German techno and hardcore scenes. At the same time trance music was developing in Europe, the genre was also gathering a following in the Indian state of Goa. Trance music is characterized by a tempo lying between 110–150 bpm (BPM) repeating melodic phrases and a musical form that distinctly builds tension and elements throughout a track often culminating in 1 to 2 “peaks” or “drops”. Although trance is a genre of its own, it liberally incorporates influences from other musical styles such as techno, house, pop, chill-out, classical music, tech house, ambient and film music. A trance is a state of hypnotism and heightened consciousness. This is portrayed in trance music by the mixing of layers with distinctly foreshadowed build-up and release. A common characteristic of trance music is a mid-song climax followed by a soft breakdown disposing of beats and percussion entirely, leaving the melody or atmospherics to stand alone for an extended period before gradually building up again. Trance tracks are often lengthy to allow for such progression and commonly have sufficiently sparse opening and closing sections to facilitate mixing by DJs. Trance is mostly instrumental, although vocals can be mixed in: typically they are performed by mezzo-soprano to soprano female soloists, often without a traditional verse/chorus structure.

  14. Drum and bass (also written as “drum ‘n’ bass” or “drum & bass”; commonly abbreviated as “D&B”, “DnB” or “D’n’B”), is a genre and branch of electronic music which emerged from rave and jungle scenes in Britain during the early 1990s. The style is often characterised by fast breakbeats (typically 160–180 beats per minute with heavy bass and sub-bass lines, sampled sources, and synthesizers. The popularity of drum and bass at its commercial peak ran parallel to several other homegrown dance styles in the UK including big beat and hard house. Drum and bass incorporates a number of scenes and styles. A major influence on jungle and drum and bass was the original Jamaican dub and reggae sound. Drum and bass subgenres include breakcore, ragga jungle, hardstep, darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, ambient drum and bass, liquid funk, jump up, deep, drumfunk, funkstep, sambass, dnbnoise, and drill ‘n’ bass. 

Previously there were so many genres and all were called house much but these days all are called electronic dance music since the start of 90’s

120-125 are house music so try not to download them as they may not be danceable or are only liked in particular clubs overseas. Instead go for 128 BPM or more. 

Difference between Hiphop and R&B

There’s a few differences between R&B and Hip-Hop. Firstly, Hip-Hop is related to rap and rap is something like poetry you gotta rhyme and spit out through tracks. R&B is a kind of music where the tracks are kind of rap tracks but the R&B singers don’t rap they sing normally but not like blues or something else.